Syphilis RPR (Monitor) with Reflex to Titer



Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth. Syphilis progresses in stages and can cause a wide range of symptoms if left untreated. Here are some key facts about syphilis:

Transmission: Syphilis is primarily transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. It can also be transmitted through direct contact with syphilis sores, called chancres, which are highly contagious. Transmission can occur even if there are no visible symptoms or sores present.

Stages: Syphilis infection progresses through different stages if left untreated. These stages are primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary syphilis. Each stage has distinct symptoms and characteristics.

a. Primary Syphilis: This stage occurs around 3 weeks after infection and is characterized by the appearance of a painless, firm sore (chancre) at the site of infection, typically genitals, anus, or mouth. The sore can heal spontaneously within a few weeks.

b. Secondary Syphilis: This stage typically occurs several weeks after the primary stage. It is characterized by a rash that may appear on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, along with flu-like symptoms such as fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue. The rash can also affect other parts of the body and may come and go over several months.

c. Latent Syphilis: In this stage, the infection remains dormant and there are no visible symptoms. Latent syphilis can last for years.

d. Tertiary Syphilis: If left untreated for a long time, syphilis can progress to the tertiary stage, which can affect various organs and systems of the body, including the heart, brain, nerves, bones, and skin. Tertiary syphilis can lead to severe health complications, including cardiovascular and neurological disorders.

Diagnosis: Syphilis can be diagnosed through a combination of clinical evaluation, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Blood tests, such as the treponemal and non-treponemal tests, are commonly used to detect antibodies against the bacterium or to confirm the infection.

Treatment: Syphilis can be effectively treated with antibiotics, primarily penicillin. The specific treatment regimen depends on the stage and duration of the infection. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent complications and reduce the risk of transmitting the infection to others.

Syphilis RPR (Monitor) with Reflex to Titer


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Fasting Required: NO

Preferred Specimen: Serum

Reference Range(s):




Turnaround Time: 3 Days

Test Code: 799